Powys Teaching Health Board has a statutory duty under the Social Services and Well-being (Wales) Act 2014 to report any person whom it believes to be an adult or child at risk, to the Local Authority. The Health Board is also required to work closely with other agencies such as the Police, Social Services and Education to appropriately share information in order to safeguard children and adults at risk.
(Social Services and Well-being (Wales) Act 2014)
Physical Abuse – deliberately hurting a child e.g. by slapping, hitting, kicking, poisoning, causing injuries such as broken bones, bruises, burns or cuts. Also includes fabricated or induced illness where parents/carers make up or cause the symptoms of illness in their child.
Sexual Abuse – being forced or persuaded to take part in sexual activities whether or not the child understands what is happening. This includes non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, pornographic material or watching sexual activities, or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
Emotional Abuse – ongoing emotional maltreatment or emotional neglect that can seriously damage a child’s emotional health and development. It can involve deliberately trying to scare or humiliate a child, or isolating or ignoring them.
Neglect – ongoing failure to meet basic physical and psychological needs, likely to result in serious impairment of their health and development.
There is growing awareness of other forms of child abuse such as child sexual exploitation (CSE), female genital mutilation (FGM), child trafficking and bullying/cyber bullying
Physical - this includes hitting, pinching, deliberately overmedicating or physically restraining someone in an inappropriate way - for example, being locked in or force-fed.
Sexual – any sexual act to which the vulnerable adult has not consented and may not understand. For example, being touched or kissed when it is not wanted, being made to touch or kiss someone else, being raped, being made to listen to sexual comments or forced to look at sexual acts or materials
Emotional Abuse this can happen where someone is isolated, verbally abused or threatened.
Neglect this includes ignoring or withholding physical or medical care needs. Examples are failing to provide appropriate food, shelter, heating, clothing, medical care, hygiene, personal care; inappropriate use of medication or over-medication.
Financial Abuse this includes taking another person's money or possessions - for example, having money or property stolen, being pressured into giving people money or changing a will, misuse of benefits, not being allowed access to money.
Domestic abuse is the actual or threatened physical, emotional, psychological, sexual or financial abuse of a person by their partner, ex-partner or family member. Children living in a household where domestic abuse is present will suffer too and they are likely to experience abuse themselves.
Live Fear Free is a Welsh Government website, providing information and advice for those experiencing domestic abuse, sexual violence and other forms of violence against women. The website also provides details about the Live Fear Free helpline service managed by Welsh Women’s Aid.
The Mid and West Wales chatbot (MWWBOT) is part of an approach to address domestic abuse by providing easy access to safety advice, relevant information, and signposting to local and national support services.